Dale Powell - Fine Artist

Dale Powell Art Collections

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Search Within This Collection   |   View All Collections   |   Images = 195

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Arthur Ravenel Jr. Bridge

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The Arthur Ravenel Jr. Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge over the Cooper River in South Carolina, connecting downtown Charleston to Mount Pleasant. The eight lane bridge satisfied the capacity of U.S. Route 17 when it opened in 2005 to replace two obsolete cantilever truss bridges. The bridge has a main span of 1,546 feet (471 m), the third longest among cable-stayed bridges in the Western Hemisphere. It was built using the design-build method and was designed by Parsons Brinckerhoff. History The first bridge to cross the lower Cooper River opened in 1929, eventually named the John P. Grace Memorial Bridge for former Charleston mayor John P. Grace, who spearheaded the project. The main span of the double cantilever truss bridge was the fifth longest in the world at 1,050 feet (320 m) and soared 150 feet (46 m) above the river. The main span of the second cantilever was the twelfth-longest in the world. The total length of the structure was about 2.7 miles (4.3 km). Following a 17-month construction at a cost of $6 million, it opened with a 3-day celebration that attracted visitors from around the globe. Engineers and critics proclaimed colorful descriptions of the unique structure, deeming it "the first roller-coaster bridge" and citing that "steep approaches, stupendous height, extremely narrow width, and a sharp curve at the dip conspire to excite and alarm the motorist." Privately owned originally, a $1.00 toll was charged for car and driver to cross. In 1943 the state of South Carolina purchased the bridge, and the tolls were lifted in 1946. By the 1960s the Grace Memorial Bridge had become insufficient, with its two narrow 10-foot (3 m) lanes built for Ford Model As and its steep grades of up to 6 percent. Later changes to the side rail and curb reduced the lane width further.[citation needed] A new bridge was constructed alongside and parallel to it. Named for the then-South Carolina Highway Commissioner, the Silas N. Pearman Bridge opened in 1966 at cost of $15 million. Its three lanes, at a modern 12-foot (3.7 m) width, opened to northbound traffic while its older counterpart carried the southbound traffic into downtown Charleston. One lane was reversible on the Pearman bridge, which led to signs warning "Use lanes with green arrow" and "Do not use red X lane" on the bridge. The two truss bridges had become functionally obsolete by 1979. Extensive metal deterioration caused by the lack of maintenance shortly after Grace Bridge's tolls were removed limited the capacity of the older Grace bridge to ten ton vehicles (later five tons), and the reversible lane on the Pearman was eliminated (it had been able to switch to three lanes northbound for rush hour traffic), making that lane southbound permanently, diverting all heavy trucks, buses, and recreational vehicles to that lane on the Pearman bridge. Neither of the bridges had emergency lanes, and the Pearman bridge had no median between the northbound and southbound lanes because of its reversible lane, and it was not until 2002 when flexible barriers were added to the Pearman bridge to prevent head-on collisions. Furthermore, the vertical clearance above the river – once among the highest in the world – could no longer accommodate modern shipping vessels. Three of Charleston’s four shipping terminals are situated up the Cooper and Wando Rivers, and the limited bridge clearance excluded the access of ships that would otherwise be beneficial to the economy of South Carolina. Now that the old bridges are disassembled, the world’s largest modern container ships are able to access all terminals of the nation's fourth-largest container port.

Dale Powell - Cooper River Diamonds
 

Cooper River Diamonds by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Salty Charleston Waters
 

Salty Charleston Waters by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Dark and Stormy Sunset
 

Dark and Stormy Sunset by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Lowcountry Sunset
 

Lowcountry Sunset by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Ravenel Bridge Sunset
 

Ravenel Bridge Sunset by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Charleston Arthur Ravenel Bridge
 

Charleston Arthur Ravenel Bridge by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Beacon of Light
 

Beacon of Light by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Charleston Sun Setting
 

Charleston Sun Setting by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Ravenel Bridge Sunset
 

Ravenel Bridge Sunset by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Vignette Blur of the Ravenel Bridge
 

Vignette Blur of the Ravenel Bridge by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Vignette Blur of the Cooper River Bridge
 

Vignette Blur of the Cooper River Bridge by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Vintage Grace and Pearman Bridges
 

Vintage Grace and Pearman Bridges by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Black and White Night Diamonds
 

Black and White Night Diamonds by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Black and White Diamonds
 

Black and White Diamonds by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Vintage Cooper River Bridge
 

Vintage Cooper River Bridge by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Unique Bridge View
 

Unique Bridge View by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Old Glory at Sunset
 

Old Glory at Sunset by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Salt and Iron
 

Salt and Iron by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Southern Sunset
 

Southern Sunset by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Twilight over Historic Charleston South Carolina
 

Twilight over Historic Charleston South Carolina by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Ravenel Bridge Orange Glowing
 

Ravenel Bridge Orange Glowing by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Cooper River Bridge Orange Glow
 

Cooper River Bridge Orange Glow by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Charleston Golden Hour
 

Charleston Golden Hour by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Southern Allure
 

Southern Allure by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Golden Hour
 

Golden Hour by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Southern Glow over the Cooper
 

Southern Glow over the Cooper by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Orange Sky over the Cooper River
 

Orange Sky over the Cooper River by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Sunset Glow over the Cooper River Bridge
 

Sunset Glow over the Cooper River Bridge by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Charleston Cooper River Bridge
 

Charleston Cooper River Bridge by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Cooper River Bridge Run 2016
 

Cooper River Bridge Run 2016 by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Cable Stayed Bridge
 

Cable Stayed Bridge by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Blue Sky and Green Grass
 

Blue Sky and Green Grass by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Summer Grass
 

Summer Grass by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Old Village Bridge View
 

Old Village Bridge View by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Lowcountry Bridge View
 

Lowcountry Bridge View by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Grace and Pearman Bridges
 

Grace and Pearman Bridges by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Cloudy Day Grand Opening
 

Cloudy Day Grand Opening by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Bridge Opening
 

Bridge Opening by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Orange Shadows
 

Orange Shadows by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Wando River Golden Glow
 

Wando River Golden Glow by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Cooper River Bridge Run 2015
 

Cooper River Bridge Run 2015 by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Cooper River Bridge Run
 

Cooper River Bridge Run by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Ravenel Bridge Sphere
 

Ravenel Bridge Sphere by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Ravenel Bridge Towers
 

Ravenel Bridge Towers by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Lowcountry Grace
 

Lowcountry Grace by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Marsh to Bridge
 

Marsh to Bridge by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Beach Exploring
 

Beach Exploring by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Coastal Sunset
 

Coastal Sunset by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Coastal Sunset View
 

Coastal Sunset View by Dale Powell

Dale Powell - Cooper River Bridge
 

Cooper River Bridge by Dale Powell

Search Within This Collection   |   View All Collections   |   Images = 195

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