Historic Old Town Lubeck
Painting - Photographic Art On Digital Canvas
Digital Oil Painting of the historic old town of Lubeck, Germany, Copyright 2015 Chris Armytage, Photographic Artist, Australia.
Lubeck began life as a Christian settlement that was founded at the meeting place of the rivers Trave and Schwartau. It was known as Liubice, which means 'beautiful'. It did not survive for long though, as shortly afterwards, in 1028, the settlement was attacked and destroyed.
A new town was established by Earl Adolf III von Schauenburg, this time on the present-day site of the Old Town. In 1157, the town was destroyed in a fire. A few years later, a Saxon king, Henry the Lion, attempted to revive the town. Fortunately, he was successful and Lubeck quickly grew into a trading centre. Wine, salt and furs were shipped from here, amongst other goods.
During World War Two, Lubeck was the first city in Germany to be subjected to substantial aerial bombing by British forces. In March 1942, the bombardment was so severe that it created a firestorm. Three of the city's main churches were destroyed, along with a large part of its historic centre. The bombing led to the retaliatory Baedeker Raids on British cities, which were ostensibly aimed at improving German morale. In May 1945, Lubeck was captured and occupied by Allied forces under British command.
Post-war Lubeck became part of Schleswig-Holstein within West Germany. It took several years to remove the majority of the city's waste and rubble. It took even longer to rebuild the oldest part of the city. In 1987, the city was rewarded for its efforts to preserve its rich history with the granting of UNESCO World Heritage Site status.
For more information see Wikipedia
November 25th, 2015
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